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Nizam Abdul Latheef

Phishing threats are so widespread and are one of the most famous Cyber attacks. Which is sort of a distraction from More Lethal Network Security Violations.Most often Phishing attacks, goes hand-in-hand with Spoofing. Then you get Pharming dangers. Which are less frequently mentioned.

What Is A Spoofing Threat:

1st: Spoofing is not only limited to the digital platform, it wears several masks. It is the act of using artificial material, or tactical positions with the aim of confusing, misleading, or evading your privacy.
For instance; if someone pretends to be (a different person), who represents a particular company, OR a member of a legislative, or governing body. With the cruel intention to get hold of personal or business information.
In short Spoofing is the act of misleading people, or being mislead. Into entrusting private, propriety, sensitive OR confidential information. To criminals assuming that it's a professional business/employee.

What Are Pharming Network Threats?

2nd: Pharming is a clone (designed copy) OR better yet: An imitation of a professional Website already existing. Especially designed to simulate the resemblance of the original website.
It can be a online banking website, online college registration platform, online loan service, etc. Being used to gather usernames and passwords of potential victims.
In most cases the section, where you enter your personal details are visible. The fake website is designed to extract personal details, and the other pages may be unresponsive (when you click on them

How is Phishing Different From Pharming?

  1. Phishing: Is the process of seducing the user, the baiting tactic used to fish information out of the victim. Which makes the user believes it's safe to enter personal OR sensitive on false website.
  2. Bear in mind; that it's not only limited websites, it can be through telephone or even face-to-face. But for the sake of this article, let's stick to the "website" example.
  3. Pharming: This is behind the scenes, the masking process. The act of making partial changes to DNS entries. Which automatically redirect users to the fake website. While they initially intended to visit the original Web address.

What is the Difference Between Phishing and Spoofing?

Although Phishing and Spoofing are confused by many people; as the same Hacking Strategy. While in reality they're different from a technical perspective.
Spoofing is a downloading process of malicious ware, to your PC, Desktop or network. While the other techniques lures into exposing your: Propriety, Private, Sensitive and financial data to a cyber criminal.
Ultimately Phishing is a strategy used to extracted or drawn out. While spoofing is a method to bring, or transport something to its destination.
The spoof system hands over a look a like website. The phishing procedure allows you to willingly surrender (someone or something) to another.

What is Phishing, Spear Phishing and Email Spoofing?

Email is one of the most dangerous and effective mediums used. Since it entered the market, back in 1995. Malware attacks went viral and spread like wild-fire.
So let's use the email attacks as examples. Why? Because its the most professional means of electronic messaging. Most commonly used by businesses; globally.
  • Phishing Targets Random People: It is an act of deception. Where the attacker claims to be from a legit business, or representative of a professional organization.
  • With the sole intention of deceiving the recipients of email. Thereby; fooling them into giving up personal information.
  • Spear Phishing Attacks Specific People: It is a niche attack on a specific individual, group of employees, businesses, consumers or organizations.
  • Spoofing Attacks: Are not so different from email phishing. The difference may be that; you get a link to the fake website in the email.
  • When you click the link, it may route to the duplicate website. Ultimately, the point is to swindle users, into providing personal details.

Are Phishing and Pharming Attacks Still Prevalent?


An example of Phishing attacks may involve an attacker sending emails. Usually the email may appear legit:
Examples Such As:
  • Internet bank Notification: "Security Alert: Some tried to access your account - Please change your password here!"
  • "Get 50% Instant Discount on Your existing Loan repayment - limited Offer!
  • "Congratulation: You Won An iPhone 7! Claim you Prize Here!
This is some of the poorest examples. The email may be even more relevant and tap into your basic desires. These guys do criminal activities for living. So they really know how to tempt uses, into opening emails.

What is Difference Between Sniffing vs Spoofing?


As already mention above; Spoofing means to impersonate someone else. On the other hand: Sniffing means to eavesdrop, or secretively listening into a private conversation online. Almost similar to spying, or violating someone else's privacy.
Another Example Of Spoofing?
More creatively a spoofing, can also be identified as is a treacherous attack. Where the Cybercriminals may impersonates a familiar device, or user on your network.
With the obvious goal of launching a dedicated attack on network hosts, hijack data, inject malware or gain access to cybersecurity controls.

That being said: Spoofing has several alternative types of strategies. This gives attackers a variety of options to accomplish their objectives.

What Is The Purpose Of Spoofing?

For online stalkers, spyware is tool to accomplish their goals. Likewise is all types of malware tools for hackers. And spoofing attacks are one of them. The infamous resource helps them to easily retrieve information; from their victims.

Spoofing is a way of stealth, camouflage, or disguise. To effortlessly get access to your banking details, business accounts, social security numbers or personal information.

Can you stop email Spoofing?

There are two challenges: One is beyond your control, the other one is in your control.

  • The attackers can easily gather email addresses from anywhere online. Including your and of course many others. There's not much you can do about this, as it's totally beyond your control.
  • You can install Avast, Panda, Heimdal, or any other reputable antivirus program. Which will scan and block phishing, spoofing and malware attacks.
  • If you're using Windows OS, turn on the Automatic updates and keep it running on a regular basis.
  • 1) Can you identify Spoofing without Antivirus Software?
  • 2) Does email spoofing look suspicious?

Well, Yes and No! Cybercriminals goes to great extends to hide their intentions. They craft their emails to resemble the original formats.

We're talking: Brands names, professional content, convincing tones, logos and email addresses.
So identifying the originality of the email, may be tricky. But still there is a free tool you can use, and that is...

Common Sense:
Firstly: Your bank wouldn't email you to change your login details. Be very skeptical with all kinds of professional emails. Be it from a training institution, to good to be true offers or sudden security alerts.

Secondly: Don't click on the email, or open it. Because all it takes for Trojan horses & Spyware to be implanted. Is a simple action of opening the email.

Thirdly: Contact your bank, or the concerned institution, by telephone. If you don't know them delete the email.
The Most Dangerous Online risk is browsing with A Good Antivirus Program to block incoming malicious traffic.